American Occupation of HaitiThis is a featured page

Date: 1915-1934

America Enters Haiti


On July 27 1915, Vilbrun Guillaume Sam the President of Haiti ordered 167 political prisoners killed. A mob then formed near the French Legation where Vilbrun Guillaume Sam was hiding. The mob broke in and mutilated his body in the street. The city of Port au Prince was in anarchy following the overthrow of the government of President Vilbrun Guillaume Sam. Rear Admiral William B. Caperton landed 340 sailors and Marines from the USS Washington. Also at Cap Haïtien more troops were landed from the USS Nashville, and USS Eagle. The landing parties from these two ships prevented thehaiti map capture of Cap Haïtien. Soon after the Second Marine Regiment, First Brigade Headquarters and the First Marine Regiment arrived later in the month.

The Caco War


The Caco were a bandit organization in Haiti that , would fight for the highest bidder. When Vilbrun Guillaume Sam was assassinated a Caco army hired by Rosalvo Bobo was on the outskirts of the city. But the Marines landed by Caperton quickly forced the Cacos out of Port au Prince. A Campaign was then carried out by the First Marine Brigade to knock out the Cacos in the north and center of Haiti. The last major event of the campaign was the capture of the Caco strong hold at Fort Rivière, by Marines under the command of Major Smedley Butler. In this fight Sergeant Ross Iams, Private Samuel Gross, and Major Smedley Butler all received the Medal of Honor.

The Second Caco War


A second Caco outbreak began late in 1918. This second outbreak was in response to some Gendarmerie detachments using forced unpaid labor to build roads. The Haiti Gendarmerie were unable to contain the Cacos and the First Marine Brigade got the task of counter guerrilla fighting against the Cacos. In October 1919 the Caco attacked Port au Prince. Also in October of 1919 Caco leader Charlemagne Peralte was killed by a marine patrol. The Second Caco War ended in the mid 1920's due to the focussed attacks on Caco strongholds and leaders.

On August 14, 1934 the occupation ended.



searayman
searayman
Latest page update: made by searayman , May 16 2006, 10:37 AM EDT (about this update About This Update searayman Edited by searayman

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